Establish on site, a method of evacuation and assembly at a nominated safe point away from site.
Ensure all persons working on or visiting the site understand the warning or evacuation signals and where to meet in the event of an evacuation.
Nominate a responsible person to coordinate the assembly and check that all persons are accounted for.
Construction sites can pose particular problems because the routes in and out may be incomplete and obstructions may be present.
Open sites usually offer plentiful means of escape and special arrangements are unlikely to be necessary. In enclosed buildings people can easily become trapped, especially where they are working above or below ground level. In such cases means of escape need careful consideration.
Make sure that:
Wherever possible, there are at least two escape routes in different directions;
Travel distances to safety are reduced to a minimum;
Enclosed escape routes, for example corridors or stairwells, can resist fire and smoke ingress from the surrounding site
Where fire doors are needed for this make sure they are provided and kept closed (self-closing devices should be fitted to doors on enclosed escape routes)
Escape routes and emergency exits are clearly signed
Escape routes and exits are kept clear
Emergency exits should never be locked when people are on the site;
Emergency lighting is installed if necessary to enable escape. This is especially important in enclosed stairways in multi-storey structures which will be in total darkness if the normal lighting fails during a fire;
An assembly point is identified where everyone can gather and be accounted for.
MEDICAL and other EMERGENCY ASSISSTANCE
All sites should have prominently displayed:
Contact details for fire, ambulance and police
Location and fastest route to medical centres and hospitals or emergency departments close to the site
Quick reference charts for poison information centres and any other relevant information that may be helpful in the event of an incident.
When you call for an ambulance, you will be asked the following questions:
What is the exact address of the emergency?
What is the phone number you are calling from?
What is the problem? Tell me exactly what happened.
How many casualties are there? If only one casualty what is the approximate age?
Is the casualty conscious?
Is the casualty breathing?
All of the site information should be readily available and prominently displayed near any location where an emergency call is likely to be made from.
These days with mobiles, it is likely the call will be made directly from the area of the incident, if you are making the call, do you have all the answers to the questions above?